Merchant Navy Career
The Merchant Navy is a non-combatant commercial fleet. The Merchant Navy is a deals with transporting goods and occasionally, passengers, by sea. Its fleet is therefore composed of passenger vessels, cargo liners, tankers, carriers, as well as other special types of vehicles. A Merchant Navy offers commercial services unlike its military counterpart. Merchant Navy is the backbone of international trade. The works of a merchant navy officer are centered around three areas- the deck, the engine room and the service department. The captain, second officer, chief officer, third officer and several other officers constitute the deck officers. The engine room comprises engineers and the electrical officer while the service department focuses on the operations in the kitchen and other services. The option of traveling to far-flung places of interest and an dangerous journey on a ship makes a career in Merchant Navy gainful notwithstanding the pain of staying away from one's family for long and the stress of the job. The recent past has witnessed entry of several women in the roles of radio officers as well as doctors in this field.
Eligibility for Merchant Navy
Candidate should have strong inner self and tough physical form, along with a sporting, adaptive and adjustable attitude. Willing to take on responsibility, love for adventure and challenges; have the urge to efforts for higher positions; be able to work as well as study for examinations in between. Candidates need to be intelligent, intuitive, willing to work as a team, flexible, patient; have a liking for solitude, willing to live apart from loves ones for long stretches of time. Those opting for a career should not be sea sick. Engineers need to be resourceful and practical; skilled at Maths and Physics; have in-depth knowledge about the workings of the different machines. Manual dexterity is a must; one should be willing to learn new ways and work with modern technology; and able to work in the deck department as well if need arises. Who wishing to enter the navigational and engineering fields of Merchant Navy need to complete their B.Sc. degree in mechanical or marine engineering, before they can gain admission to the field. Who have completed their 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics are eligible to join as Deck Cadets.
Job Prospects for Merchant Navy
Therefore trained personnel is required for various departments of the ship and this widens the scope for employment in this field. They are offered jobs in the following major areas : By various shipping companies in the government and private sector. And Foreign shipping companies also offer good job prospects.
Deck Department: Deck officer is not only responsible for the safe navigation of the vessel but also for the discipline on the ship and safety of passengers, crew and the cargo. He must ensure the observance of national and international codes of conduct guiding sea transportation.
Engine Department Marine Engineers: Marine Engineers have the complete responsibility of the ship's technical management. The main personnel in this department is the chief engineer who ensures safe and economic running of all engines, boilers, electrical, refrigerating and sanitary equipment, deck machinery and steam connections aboard the ship. He supervises the work of the engine-room crew and is assisted in his duties by the Second, Third, Fourth and Fifth Engineers and other junior personnel. Second engineer looks after the day to day work in the engine room. Third engineer is in charge of the main engine, spare parts for the main engine, all purifiers, boilers, compressors etc. Fourth engineer is in charge of the numerous generators onboard ship as well as certain small pumps. Service Department The work undertaken here revolves around the living and catering services for all the crew on board. A chief steward heads a large team of stewards, bakers, messmen etc. Apart from this, the department also has other services such as the services of Divers for underwater examination of the heel of the ship, propellers, pipes etc. Light Keepers, who operate light house signaling equipment to guide incoming and passing ships, and Nautical surveyors, who prepare charts of particular regions of the seas, with regard to topography and conditions of the sea.