Medical Careers

List of Careers

Home > Career Options > Medical Careers > Optometry Career

Optometry Career

Optometry is a primary health care profession, specialising in the management of disorders of the eyes and visual system. Optometrists conduct eye and vision examinations, prescribe spectacles and contact lenses and carry out treatment for eye disorders. Optometrists do not perform surgery, but may use drugs to treat eye diseases in some States. Optometrists, also known as doctors of optometry, or ODs, are the main providers of vision care. They examine people’s eyes to diagnose vision problems, such as nearsightedness and farsightedness, and they test patients’ depth and color perception and ability to focus and coordinate the eyes. Optometrists may prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses, or they may prescribe or provide other treatments, such as vision therapy or low-vision rehabilitation. Optometrists also look for signs of diseases such as diabetes and hypertension while performing eye exams. Work environment. Optometrists work in places usually their own offices that are clean, well lighted, and comfortable. Most full time optometrists work about 40 hours a week. Many work weekends and evenings to suit the needs of patients. Emergency calls, once uncommon, have increased with the passage of therapeutic-drug laws expanding optometrists’ ability to prescribe medications.

Eligibility for Optometry

The students who has clear 10+2 or equivalent examination, with a minimum of 50% marks in physics, chemistry and biology are eligible for Optometry. Optometrists may also dispense visual appliances, such as glasses and contact lenses, from their own practice. An increasing proportion of the work optometrists do relates to eye disease and problems which affect the way in which the eyes work together (binocular vision). Optometrists in some states can also prescribe drugs to treat minor eye diseases such as conjunctivitis.

Job Prospects for Optometrists

  Job opportunities for optometrists should be very good over the next decade. Employment of optometrists is projected to grow 11 percent between 2006 and 2016. A growing population that recognizes the importance of good eye care will increase demand for optometrists. Also, an increasing number of health insurance plans that include vision care, should generate more job growth.