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Environmental Science Career

Environmental Science is a field encompassing the wide range of scientific disciplines that need to be brought together to understand earth systems and the many interactions among physical, chemical, biological, and human components. Environmental science is the study of the interactions among the physical, chemical and biological components of the environment; with a focus on pollution and degradation of the environment related to human activities; and the impact on biodiversity and sustainability from local and global development. It is inherently an interdisciplinary field that draws upon not only its core scientific areas, but also applies knowledge from other non-scientific studies such as economics, law and social sciences. Physics is used to understand the flux of material and energy interaction and construct mathematical models of environmental phenomena.

Eligibility For Environmental Science Career

Undergraduate and Post-graduate courses both in environmental science and environmental engineering are offered by several institutes across the country. Courses on Environmental Science and Engineering, their duration and qualifications required are given below:
  • B.S.C (environmental science), Duration: 3 years, Eligibility: 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as their subjects
  • M.S.C (Environmental Science), Duration: 2 years, Eligibility: B.S.C in environmental science, zoology, botany, physics or chemistry.
  • PG Diploma courses in Environment Management and Environmental Science
  • B.E in Environmental Engineering, Eligibility: 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as their subjects.
  • M.Tech in Environmental Science & Engineering, Duration: 2 years, Eligibility: B.E / B.Tech. in environmental or civil engineering
  • M.Tech in Energy & Environment Management, Duration: 2 years, Eligibility: B.E / B.Tech. in environmental or civil engineering
  • M.Tech (Environmental Engineering), Duration: 2 years, Eligibility: B.E / B.Tech. in environmental or civil engineering

Career Prospects For Environmental Science Career

As Environmental Science is a broad term that incorporates various activities towards protecting the environment, thus offers plenty of employment opportunities for not only environmental scientists, but also for environmental biologists, environmental engineers, environmental modelers and environmental journalists. Environmental scientists are employed by mines, fertilizer plants, textile and dying industry, food processing units, etc. NGOs are growing in strength in issues related to the environment.

The following are important areas of work which an environmental scientist can take up:


Industrial sector: Environmental scientists work towards maintaining an ecological balance, biodiversity and wasteland management, and the preservation of natural resources. They are in demand as most industries have a separate environmental research and developmental section. This section looks after the impact which their industry has casted on the environment. Their main assgnment is to look after various ways to control pollution. It also deals with the waste that is thrown out and the various aspects of management and planning.

Research and development: With the increase in public awareness regarding the environment, there is tremendous scope for research and development in this field. Various universities and governmental organization offer scope for R&D. They conduct research studies in order to develop theories or methods towards controlling the precious sources to environmental pollution.

Forest and wildlife management: Apart from providing numerous resources, forests contribute towards striking an environmental balance. Therefore managing and maintenance of forest and wildlife is very crucial & hence the need for trained professionals.

Social development: Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) help in creating awareness regarding the protection of the environment and making the masses aware of various environmental issues and generating a public opinion. They also work towards disseminating information and in bringing about changes in political policies effecting the environment.

Environmentalist:Cleansing of rivers and forest are some of the activities of environmentalist. Afforestation and regeneration of the forest area form one of the important activities of an environmentalist.

Environmental journalism: With so much consciousness about the environment among the public, reporting on environmental issues is on the rise. People look for comprehensive news related to the environment, hence the need for trained environmental journalists.

Consultants: There are independent environmental consultants working with the governments Central and State Pollution Control Board. These consultants offer advice related to the environment. They also direct the concerned industry looking for advice on environmental laws to lawyers specialized in this field.