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Fishery Science Career

Fisheries science is the academic discipline of managing and understanding fisheries. It is a multidisciplinary science, which draws on the disciplines of oceanography, marine biology, marine conservation, ecology, population dynamics, economics and management to attempt to provide an integrated picture of fisheries. In some cases new disciplines have emerged, as in the case of bioeconomics. Fisheries science is typically taught in a university setting, and can be the focus of an undergraduate, master's or Ph.D. program. Some universities offer fully integrated programs in fisheries science. Fishery science is an interdisciplinary subject involving oceanography, ecology, biology, economics and management combined together in an effort to manage and understand the functioning of fisheries. A vast coastline spanning over 8,000 kilometers and 10 states make India a good hub of studying fishery sciences. The various environmental factors regarding fishing are also brought under the purview of this subject. Factors such as the availability of fishes, the impact of fishing on the ecological balance and on the environment are studied under this subject. Though posed with many challenges this is a very interesting field of work. There are several colleges and institutions in India that offer fishery science courses. Fishery science is related to capturing of the fish in inland, sea or the aquatic species. This industry involves catching, processing, marketing and conservation of fish. Fisheries Science is related to understanding and managing the fisheries. Multiple subjects are included in this science such as biological study of life, breeding and habits of various species of the fish. Husbandry and farming of the fishes, and aquatic organisms in fresh water, and the salty water are also included in this fishery science. Maintaining and developing the wealth of the sea is the aim of the fishery science.

Eligibility For Fishery Science Career

Fisheries Science can be studied at the graduate and postgraduate level. To become a fisheries graduate one has to pass a 4 year degree course i.e B.F.Sc (Bachelor of Fisheries Science) from fisheries colleges of state agriculture universities. Eligibility criteria for B.F.Sc is 10+2 with biological science as one of the subjects. The B.F.Sc course enables a candidate with basic knowledge in all the three categories of fisheries science i.e. capture, culture and post harvest technology.

Job prospects For Fishery Science Career

Fisheries Biologist: To be a fisheries biologist, you’ll want to be interested in researching and reporting on fish management programs, writing reports on existing studies and being able to prepare budgets. Similar to regular biologists, fisheries biologists study fish and water samples. They also study fish species and determine what kinds of fish can survive in which environments. For this type of position, you would have to complete a graduate program in fisheries science.

Biologist Supervisors: Fisheries biologist supervisors plan and carry out research projects for the fisheries. They will put out reports based on the research done and may also be asked to review and edit the content of each report. Fisheries supervisors will coordinate certain research projects with institutions, universities and private companies interested in the results. Often times they will explain the findings to the rest of the fisheries staff and help promote the research to the press. To qualify for this type of position, you will have to take a graduate program and accumulate some work experience.

Fishery Manager: This career track puts you out in the field instead of the lab. Fishery managers hatch fish, help them grow and release them. If they are working for a lab, they may coordinate research projects and also make assessments on the area’s water and environment. They may also focus on conservation by preventing overfishing and working to restore fish populations.