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Floriculture Career

Floriculture, or flower farming, is a discipline of horticulture concerned with the cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants for gardens and for floristry, comprising the floral industry. The development plant breeding of new varieties is a major occupation of floriculturists. Floriculture is growing plants for its beautiful flowers. Demand of flowers is increasing day-by-day because change in human attitude towards social and religious values. Flowers are now used in almost all the functions in India due to which its domestic demand is rapidly increasing. International demand of cut-flowers soars up specially during X-mas and Valentine day. Flowers like roses, gerbera, carnation, gladiolus, chrysanthemum, orchids and lilies are in great demand. Annual growth potential of floriculture industry is about 25-30%. This rapid rate is based on its export potential. The market is vast and sky is the limit for export of Indian cut flowers. Floriculture is the thus the study of growing and marketing flowers and foliage plants. It includes cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants for sales or for use as raw materials in cosmetic and perfume industry and the pharmaceutical sector. The floral industry today has grown to much larger proportions and offers a wide scope for growth and profits. In India, Floriculture industry comprises flower trade, production of nursery plants and potted plants, seed and bulb production, micro propagation and extraction of essential oils. India has an enormous genetic diversity, varied agro climatic conditions, versatile human resources etc which offer India a unique scope for judicious employment of existing resources and exploration of avenues yet untouched

Floriculture can be done in open fields or in polyhouses. However, culture in polyhouses is preferable as it provide artificially controlled environment in which threat from diseases, insects, high temperature, intense light, heavy rains, etc. are minimized. Hence, flowers are produced round the year without any seasonal constraint. Floricultures in polyhouses are of two types -
1) Soil Culture : Plants are grown in soil.
2) Soilless/hydroponic Culture : Plants are grown in pots without soil. Coco-pit/saw dust/sand is used in pots in place of soil. Nutrients and water are supplied through pipe or drip from outside. Hydroponically produced flowers are good in quality and fetch maximum price in the market.

Eligibility For Floriculture Career

In order to study Floriculture, one should have completed 10+2 with Botany as an option. To get admitted into an agricultural university offering degree in Floriculture/Horticulture, one has to pass an entrance examinations conducted by them.

Job Prospects For Floriculture Career

Floriculture units: Floriculturists are involved in the propagation and growing of cut flowers, flowering potted plants, foliage plants and bedding plants. They plant , prune, water, fertilize, harvest and ship these plants as well as monitor and manipulate the environment under which they are grown both indoors in green houses and outdoors in field production where the climate is favourable.

Outdoor design consultancy firms: Companies engaged in horticulture landscaping and plantation employ floriculturists and horticulturists in supervisory positions and for development and maintenance of gardens.
City planners and builders and those who carry out maintenance at various sites employ floriculturists and horticulturists