Mechanical engineering is a professional
engineering discipline that involves the application of
principles of physics for analysis, design, manufacturing,
and maintenance of mechanical systems. It requires a solid
understanding of key concepts including mechanics, kinematics,
thermodynamics and energy. Practitioners of mechanical engineering,
known as mechanical engineers, use these principles and
others in the design and analysis of automobiles, aircraft,
heating & cooling systems, buildings and bridges, industrial
equipment and machinery, and much more.
Before the Industrial Revolution, most
engineering was restricted to military and civil uses. Engineers
in the military, though not always referred to as such,
designed fortification systems and various war machines.
Civil engineers were responsible primarily for structures.
"During the early 19th century in England mechanical
engineering developed as a separate field to provide manufacturing
machines and the engines to power them. The first British
professional society of civil engineers was formed in 1818;
that for mechanical engineers followed in 1847." In
the United States, the first mechanical engineering professional
society was formed in 1880, making it the third oldest type
of engineering behind civil (1852) and mining & metallurgical
(1871). "The first schools in the United States to
offer an engineering education were the United States Military
Academy in 1817, an institution now known as Norwich University
in 1819, and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 1825. An
engineering education is based on a strong foundation in
mathematics and science; this is followed by courses emphasizing
the application of this knowledge to a specific field and
studies in the social sciences and humanities to give the
engineer a broader education.
BE / B.Tech is 10+2 or equivalent examination, with Physics,
Chemistry and Mathematics.10+2 / I.Sc. Phy., Chem. & Math.
Min. 50% Marks in each subject.One must also pass the qualifying
exam JEE (Joint Entrance Exam) conducted by the IIT's.